ELÍES HERNANDIS/SIMEÓN GALDUF
This course is a historical approach to the interpretation of the trombone throughout its existence. Taking the predecessor of the current Trombone, the Sacabuche, as a starting point, we will make a tour that will try to analyze basic aspects such as his technique, repertoire or interpretation in his varied and extensive musical bibliography. We will take a careful look at the different areas in which he carried out his activity; from the function of doubling the voices in the choirs, so rooted in Europe in the 16th century (Morales, Guerrero, Gabrieli, Schutz…), to the role of soloist that the instrument reached at the beginning of the 17th century in the new style of the Venetian Sonatas by Dario Castello and which will be continued later in the Central European courts, already in the 18th century, embodied in the Concertos for Solo Trombone by composers such as Wagenseil, L. Mozart, M. Haydn and Albrechtsberger. To internalize the musical style of the periods covered in this course, we will work on vocal and instrumental pieces for two, three and four voices, belonging to the Renaissance and Baroque periods. We will introduce technical aspects such as monodic improvisation, the articulations typical of Renaissance and Baroque wind instruments or the emission in the ancient instrument in comparison with the modern Trombone. All the techniques worked during this course and indicated above, will have the instrumental treatises of the time as their main reference. In short, this early music course and initiation to the sackbut aims, as a fundamental objective, to provide trombone students with the necessary tools to master the technique of their instrument in the broad and significant period that occupies the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. Knowing and mastering them constitutes an important part of the trombone repertoire, which ultimately must cover all uses based on possible professional opportunities for the instrument.
- Historical interpretation on the Trombone; from the Ministrile trumpet to the current Trombone. The performance style in instrumental music during the Renaissance and Baroque periods.
- The emission in the Sacabuche in comparison with the modern instrument within the sound field of the time.
- Articulation in wind instruments during the periods covered and its application to singing scores.
- The art of improvisation; the Gloss. We will introduce ourselves into monodic improvisation, so typical of the Renaissance and Baroque periods, through the group performance of some of the most significant works of the time composed for voices and instruments.
- The basic technique on the trombone will be worked on daily, despite being a course focused on ancient music, focusing on fundamental aspects such as emission, flexibility, dynamics or breathing.
Simeón Galduf, began his studies in his hometown at the Unión Musical de Llíria educational center. He continued his preparation at the Valencia Higher Conservatory of Music with professors Rafael Tortajada and Joaquín Vidal. Obtains a higher degree with Juan Abad at the Royal Conservatory of Music in Madrid with “End of Career Honor Award”. Multifaceted trombonist whose repertoire has been from the 15th century to the present day in all facets in which the trombone is included: performances, theater, cinema, ancient, classical, contemporary music, jazz, blues, rock, etc… He has been the winner of the VI International Trombone Competition “Cittá di Asti” (Italy) and second prize in the “Concours international de cuivres anciens de Toulouse” in the specialty of historical trombone. He was an integral member of the National Youth Orchestra of Spain and has collaborated with numerous ensembles such as the Valencia Orchestra, RTVE Symphony, Community of Madrid, Reina Sofía, Granada City and chamber ensembles such as Proyecto Gerard, Cámara XXI, Capella de ministrers, Sacqueboutiers de Toulouse, Bandart Project, Les Ars Florissans, Royal Chapel of Catalonia, Seville Baroque Orchestra, among others. In addition to his classical training, it is worth noting his role as a sackbut player, as a soloist and as part of the Ministriles de Marsyas, a group specializing in early music. He combines his artistic work with his pedagogy as a professor of historical trombone at the Escola Superior de Música de Catalunya (ESMUC), professor of the Master’s degree in interpretation of ancient music at the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona U.A.B, professor of chamber music and trombone at the Royal Conservatory. from Madrid R.C.S.M.
Elies Hernandis Oltra, Elies Hernandis Oltra, studied trombone in Albalat de la Ribera with X. Dasí and V. Granell, in Valencia with R. Tortajada and J. Vidal and in Madrid with J. Chenoll, where he obtained the RCSMM End of Degree Honor Award for 1990. He has been part of the Madrid Community Orchestra until the year 2000 and has collaborated with other national symphony orchestras and contemporary music groups. He has specialized in sackbut at the Escola Superior de Música de Catalunya with D. Lassalle, J. P. Canihac and F. Rubio. Since 1997 he has collaborated with numerous early music groups such as Hesperion XXI, Ministriles de Marsyas, Ensemble Elyma from Geneva, Les Sacqueboutiers from Toulouse, Les Arts Florissants, Capella de Ministrers, Victoria Musicae from Valencia, Sphera Antiqva, Hexacordo, Camerata Ibérica, Lux Venti , La Caravaggia, Nova Lux of Pamplona, Ministriles Hispalensis, Armonico Tributo (Austria), Segareis of Lisbon, The Royal Chapel of Madrid, Musical Art, ACapella Zurich, Labirynth of Voices, Odecathon Italia, Lucentum XVI, La Grande Chapelle and Euskal Barrokensemble, among others, with whom he has performed numerous concerts and has recorded albums since 2000. He is a founding member of The Sir Aligator’s Company since 1995 and of Trobada, the Madrid Trombone Choir, since 2007. In 2015 he obtained the Title of Doctor with his thesis on the trombone in Madrid in the 19th century. He has taught at the Universities of Alcalá and Burgos and in numerous Conservatories and Trombone Courses, such as Zaragoza, Ciudad Real; Puertollano, Toro, Lugo, Albarracín, Leganés, Albalat and Castelló de la Ribera, Guadalest, Toledo, Peralta and Pamplona, among others. Since 2001 he has been Professor of Trombone at the Royal Conservatory of Music in Madrid.